Our standards

Resistance targets for each zone:

- Simple area open to the public or vandal proof: the walls, frames and glazing must withstand a large number of mechanical stress and must also comply with the safety standards of establishments.
- Intrusion proof: the frames and glazing are suitable to withstand daily aggressions by day, and at night to protect areas equipped with office equipment, IT equipment, and various documents.
- Bullet-proof: the walls, frames and windows resist attacks by pistols and various rifles.
- Technical area equipped with safes and automatic devices: the walls and doors resist attempts to enter the area using electrical and thermal tools.
- Blast Proof: risk of Atex technical nature (chemicals, petroleum, etc.) or terrorist.

It is important to standardize the expected level of protection at the level of all the perimeter walls, doors, windows and frames incorporating the glazing.

1/Intrusion Proof according to European Standards

. Performed tests for glazing

The first levels rather refer to a level of vandal or fall. They are defined from the resistance of a fall of a 4.11 kg ball.

CatégorieHauteur de chuteNombre d'impacts
P1 A1.53
P2 A33
P3 A63
P4 A93
P5 A93*3

The highest levels correspond to a intrusion proof level. They are defined from tests of resistance of a sledgehammer blow and 2 kg of ax blow to carry out a hole of passage of a man of 400 mm * 400 mm in the center of the glazing.

CatégorieNb impact mini(marteau)Energie (marteau)Nb impact mini(hache)Energie (hache) Nb total coups
P6 B12350+/-1518350+/-1530 à 50
P7 B12350+/-1539350+/-1551 à 70
P8 B12350+/-1559350+/-15>70

Minimum requirements for glazing tested according to EN356. This certifies that the glazing is in conformity and resists according to the different levels from P1 to P8 (EN356).

Classe résistance fenêtre, porte (EN 1627)123456
Classe résistance vitrage (EN 356)Pas d'exigenceP4 AP5 AP6 BP7 BP8 B

.For doors and windows by extrapolation and consistency for the wall

Intrusion Proof:
One of the goals is to resist to categories of tools classified in ascending order (small tools from CR1 to CR3 - heavy tools from CR4 to CR6). Modulo Protect as an integrator provides integrated solutions:
- Mprotect CR2 to CR6 walls validated according to "human tests" EN1630
- Doors and windows or grilles validated according to "human tests" EN1630 + static tests EN1628 + dynamic tests EN1629
The first levels refer rather to a level of vandalism. The higher levels correspond to an anti-burglary level and are defined on the basis of stress tests.

CategoryBurglarToolsContact timeTest time
Violent physical, kick, shoulder, tearing, screwdriver 260
CR2OccasionalIdem + simple tools (screwdriver, pliers, saw)3 min 15 min
CR3MediumIdem + additional screwdrivers, crowbar, hammer5 min 20 min
CR4ExperimentedIdem + heavy hammer, ax, scissors, electric drill10 min30 min
CR5ExperimentedIdem + power tools (jigsaw, angle grinder, 650W drill)15 min40 min
CR6ExperimentedIdem + weight 3.5Kg, steel wedge, powerful electric tools (grinder, impact hammer)20 min50 min

2/ Bullet Proof according to European standards

Summary of Standard EN 1522 and EN 1063 concerning the ballistic resistance of glazing and door or window frames. For more details, refer to the table indicating firing distances and types of ammunition.

CategoryWeapon typeCaliberStructureShooting distance (m)Speed ​​(m / s)
FB2Automatic gun9mm LugerSteel jacketed ball
Lead core
FB3Revolver375 MagnumSteel jacketed ball
Lead core
FB4Revolver44 Rem.MagnumSteel jacketed ball
Lead core
AK47Kalashnikov7.62*39Steel jacketed ball
Lead core (level 2)
FB5Assault rifle5.56*45Copper alloy
Lead core
Penetrating steel mass
Soft lead core
FB7Rifle7.62*51Copper alloy
Hard steel core
FSGHunting rifle12/70Hard lead pellet10420

3/ Blast Proof


Explosions can be classified according to the speed of the wave they generate:

A detonation: it occurs when the flame front exceeds the speed of sound and therefore generates a shock wave. It is an explosion of short duration (in the range of 5 to 20 ms) and occurs, for example, when using a detonator or an explosive.

A deflagration: it occurs when the decomposition front moves at a speed lower than the speed of sound in the local environment. It is a long lasting explosion, up to 200 ms. This type of explosion is often found in industrial settings when gas clouds ignite.

The explosion generates an incident pressure (Pi) and when it encounters an obstacle, it generates a so-called reflected overpressure peak with a reflection coefficient (Cr) which is between 2 and 3 times the incident pressure. After the shock wave has passed, there is a lower depression at the reflected pressure (Pr), but of longer duration.

. Standards

Standard NF EN 13123 / 124-1:
It concerns doors, windows, closures
Requirements and classification relating to tests carried out with a blast tube


Standard NF EN 13123 / 124-2:
It concerns doors, windows and closures
Requirements and classification relating to tests carried out outdoors


These tables show the existing strength class levels, as well as the corresponding maximum pressure (for the first table) and the corresponding reflected pressure (for the second table).

Structural calculations

For the structure calculation, it is important to define among these 3 damage levels


Damage to localized elements
The building can be used, but repairs are necessary to restore the structural integrity of the envelope
The total cost of repairs is moderate
The element has no visible damage


General damage to the elements
The building should not be occupied until it is repaired
The total cost of repairs is significant
The element has some permanent deformation
It is generally repairable, although the replacement may be more economical and aesthetic


Key elements of the structure may have lost their structural integrity and building collapse may occur due to environmental conditions (wind, snow, rain)
Building should not be occupied
The total cost of repairs is close to the cost of replacing the building
The element is not deteriorated, but it has permanent and significant deformations